Oct 01, 2022  
College Catalog 2022-2023 
College Catalog 2022-2023

Biology (B.S.)

This curriculum prepares students for the rigors of graduate school, professional schools of medicine and allied health, and biologically oriented employment opportunities. Two concentrations are available to students pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Biology: Biological Sciences and Health Professions.

Student Learning Outcomes for Biology:

Students will be able to:

  • Recall, synthesize, and apply material from multiple disciplines including biology, mathematics, chemistry, and physics as it pertains to the study of biology.
  • Effectively research, synthesize, and communicate scientific information.
  • Design and carry out experiments to address biological questions using ethical scientific practices.
  • Critically analyze and formulate logical conclusions from data.
  • Effectively demonstrate common laboratory techniques, doing so in accordance with accepted safety standards.
  • Understand professional opportunities and expectations, as well as demonstrate professional behavior in both demeanor and written communication.

The Biology Program has a prerequisite for entry into BIO 211 and upper-level classes contingent upon an average grade of C- or better in BIO 111 and BIO 112 or permission by the Dean and course instructor.

Biological Sciences Concentration

The Biological Sciences concentration prepares students for direct entry into the workforce or for graduate programs in fields as diverse as ecology, neuroscience, and cell biology. The specific requirements are:

Health Professions Concentration

The Health Professions concentration prepares students interested in pursuing a graduate degree in medicine (MD and DO), specialized fields of medicine (Optometry, Podiatry, Dentistry, etc.), veterinary medicine, or other careers in healthcare such as Physician Assistant, Physical Therapy and Nurse Practitioner. The concentration also prepares students for entry into the professional 3+3 physical therapy program with Widener University, the BS/MS Physician Assistant program at Elizabethtown, and, after three or four years, other accredited pre-approved programs. Students interested in these cooperative programs should consult the School of Sciences homepage and refer to the Health Professions Advising Program.

If only three years on campus (Biology - Health Professions with an accelerated 3+3 or 3+4 program) please note the following differences:

BIO 313 BIO 317 , or BIO 335  are not required (Ecology requirement). 

BIO 495 - Seminar in Biology  not required.

Only 1 Biology elective with lab is required (4 credits).

Please consult with your academic advisor and the Health Professions Advising Committee (HPAC).

For those pursuing a career in medicine (pre-med) the following additional courses are highly recommended for preparation for the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT):


Additional considerations include whether to take MA 121 - MA Calculus I , whether to take the 200-level Physics courses (PHY 201 /PHY 202 ), and whether a second semester of Physics is needed (e.g., Physical Therapy requires 8 credits of Physics). Specific schools may require additional courses. Please consult your academic advisor and the Health Professions Advising Committee (HPAC).

For those students pursuing the BS/MS Physician Assistant Program at Elizabethtown (Biology - Health Professions with Physician Assistant program) please note the following differences:

BIO 235 - General Microbiology  is required

BIO 495 - Seminar in Biology  is required

BIO 313 , BIO 317 , or BIO 335  are not required (Ecology requirement)

Only 1 Biology elective with lab is required (4 credits), though several others may be recommended.

Please consult with your academic advisor, the Health Professions Advising Committee (HPAC), and the Physician Assistant program.

*Start date of Master of Physician Assistant Studies (M.P.A.S.)  program is July 2022. Please refer to the School of Human and Health Professions for curriculum requirements.